The biochemistry of the eye

Catalogue Number: 1775
The biochemistry of the eye
Category: Book
Sub-Category: Book of historical note
Author: KRAUSE Arlington Colton
Year Of Publication/Manufacture: 1934
Time Period: 1900 to 1939
Place Of Publication/Manufacture: Baltimore USA
Publisher/Manufacturer: Johns Hopkins Press
Description Of Item: Original grey cloth covers, 264 pages. Bookplate of J Ringland Anderson, designed by Harold Herbert, on front past down and rubber stamp for the Medical Journal of Australia dated 28 Feb 1935 on front fly leaf.
Historical Significance: Arlington C Krause MA, PhD, MD, FAIC (1896-1980) was at the time of the book instructor in ophthalmology at the Johns Hopkins Medical School and Assistant Dispensary Ophthalmologist in the Johns Hopkins Hospital. The preface identifies him as being in the Willmer Ophthalmological Institute. The eponomously named Arlington Colton Krause syndrome is retinal and cerebral dysplasia more commonly found in premature infants and in single infants of multiple birth. He did his PhD in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin. In the same year, he became an instructor in Pharmacology and Toxicology at Yale Medical School, and later received his MD in 1925. For the next three years he was a Research Assistant in Surgery until 1928 when he went to the Wilmer Institute as an intern on the House Staff. His first love had always been chemistry and in the fall of 1929 he became a member of the full-time staff with a laboratory of his own. Little had been produced in eye biochemistry until he was placed in charge of this section of the Wilmer Institute. During his years there he published 33 papers. Practically all dealt with the chemistry of the eye, including this book. In 1935, he left to become Assistant Professor of Surgery (Ophthalmology)at the University of Chicago. He was promoted to Associate Professor in1939, and Professor and Chairman of the Department in 1953. During his years at the University of Chicago, he authored or co-authored 43 additional papers. Although he cared very little for surgery, it was during his years there he showed his diversity of interests and wrote excellent clinical papers on cataracts, endophthalmitis, uveitis, retrolental fibroplasia and steroids. He wrote the section on "Spectacles" for the Encyclopedia Britannica (1948). In addition, he published two articles on Egyptian and Assyro-Babylonian ophthalmology. He resigned in 1955 to become Chief of Ophthalmology at the Kennedy Veterans Administration Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee. The designer of the bookplate Harold Herbet (1891-1945) is a well known Australian artist
How Acquired: Donated by University of Melbourne, Department of Ophthalmology
Date Acquired: Jan 2011
Condition: Very good
Location: Archive room. East wall. Books of historical note

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