Catalogue Number: 2004
Schiotz tonometer (Improved)
Designer/inventor: SCHIOTZ, Hjalmar August
Year Of Publication/Manufacture: 1969
Time Period: 1940 to 1999
Publisher/Manufacturer: Winters Tonometer
Description Of Item: Schiotz indentation tonometer (improved version) for measurement of intra-ocular pressure in a grey velvet lined case, in the inside of the lid of which is a folded green card certifying the calibration dated April 1 1969 and a folded yellow card giving directions for use in German and English, with a calibration table on the reverse.
Historical Significance: Hjalmar August Schi?tz (1850-1927) was born in Stavanger, Norway. He graduated in Medicine in 1877 in Khristiania. He studied ophthalmology in Vienna, where he became a friend of Ernst Fuchs (1851-1930), and in Paris, where he was employed as "directeur adjoint" in the ophthalmologic laboratory at the Sorbonne under Louis ?mile Javal. They developed the ophthalmometer named for them in 1880. In 1881 he became an assistant at the surgical department of the Rikshospitalet in Kristiania and he established a private practice as an eye specialist. He distinguished himself in his work to introduce asepsis in Norway. He was appointed professor of medicine with the obligation to teach eye medicine in 1901. Schi?tz demonstrated his tonometer in The Norwegian Medical Society (Det norske medicinske Selskab) in 1905 and for the next half century the Schi?tz tonometer was generally accepted as a reliable means of measuring intraocular pressure. H. A. Schi?tz: Et nyt tonometer, tonometri. Norsk Magazin for L?gevidenskaben, Kristiania, 1905, 5th series, volume 3: 597-622. H. A. Schi?tz: Archiv fur Augenheilkunde, Wiesbaden,1905: 401-424.
How Acquired: Donated by Glenda Schubert
Date Acquired: Aug 2000
Location: Archive room. East wall Unit 3 Cupboard