Carl Zeiss Vertometer

Catalogue Number: 3949
Carl Zeiss Vertometer
Category: Equipment
Sub-Category: Vertometer, lensometer, focimeter
Corporation: Carl Zeiss Winkel
Year Of Publication/Manufacture: C 1955
Time Period: 1940 to 1999
Place Of Publication/Manufacture: Gottingen, Germany
Publisher/Manufacturer: Carl Zeiss Winkel
Description Of Item: Focimeter (syn vertometer, lensometer, lensmeter) for measurement of ophthalmic lens powers and marking-up the centre and axis of ophthalmic lenses, 290 mm high x 190 mm deep x 200 mm wide. Black painted metal, round base with felt under, adjustable ledge to locate lens or spectacles (30 mm to 65 mm diameter lens), retractable spring loaded clamp to hold lens in place, swing out lens marker with three pens and ink pad located on eyepiece arm, adjustable focus eyepiece, right and left knobs on common spindle for focusing to determine lens meridional power, milled ring below eye piece for rotating meridional axis. Scales are internal and viewed through eye piece. Milled knob on bottom right of eyepiece arm to obscure scales. Power switch right side of body. Marked 'ZEISS/WINKEL/130819' Modern electric cord and plug.
Historical Significance: The principle of the optical design of an instrument for measuring lens power was established by Snellen in 1876 but he used it as a phakometer. Troppmann introduced the first focimeter in 1912 in which dioptric power could be read off a scale. Previously opticians had used the lens curvature measure (spherometer) and lens neutralisation using lenses from a trial case. Carl Zeiss produced its first focimeter in 1915. This vertometer is marked Zeiss/Winkel. Rudolph Winkel was a contemporary of Carl Zeiss in the field of microscopes. He manufactured fine microscopes from 1857 in Gottingen and was succeeded by his sons. Carl Zeiss Optische Werkstatte took an interest in the business and acquired majority ownership in 1911. The makers mark of Winkel instruments changed from 'R. Winkel GmbH' to 'Winkel-Zeiss / Gottingen" in 1928 and became "Zeiss / Winkel" in 1954. This dates this instrument to after 1954 and it was in common use in Melbourne in the mid-1950s. See http://dssmhi1.fas.harvard.edu/emuseumdev/code/emuseum.asp?action=advsearch&newsearch=1&profile=people&rawsearch=constituentid/,/is/,/6873/,/false/,/true&style=single&searchdesc=Zeiss-Winkel
How Acquired: Donated by Dr. Christopher Buckley, Ophthalmologist
Date Acquired: 15/06/2020
Condition: Good
Location: Archive office. East wall shelves unit 3

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