Ocular accommodation

Catalogue Number: 3280
Ocular accommodation
Category: Book
Sub-Category: Booklet
Author: SHEARD Charles
Year Of Publication/Manufacture: 1920
Time Period: 1900 to 1939
Place Of Publication/Manufacture: Hartford, Conn, USA
Publisher/Manufacturer: Department of Education American Optometric Association
Description Of Item: Booklet, cream coloured stiff paper printed wrappers, 215 x 140 mm, stapled, 76 pages, 7 black and white figures including two photographs. The back page lists the 15 courses of study published by the Department of Education American Optometric Association at the times, This book is number 14 in the lists
Historical Significance: Dr. Charles Sheard AB, AM, PhD (1883-1963) is known for Sheard's criterion for evaluating accommodative convergence relationships and for establishing the first 4 year optometry course at Ohio State University (OSU). He published 9 books and > 65 papers on optometry clinical subjects. He was a physicist, not an optometrist, having obtained his PhD at Princeton University. He went to OSU as an instructor in 1907 and became Professor of Applied Optics responsible for the 2 year optometry course. He argued successfully for the course to be 4 years in 1915 to be the first four-year optometry course in the USA. In 1919 he went to the American Optical Company and later was Director of Biophysics at the Mayo Clinic from 1924 to 1949. See J Opt Soc Amer 1958; 48: 205-6 for a biography. He was a central figure in the understanding of the accommodative and convergence relationship and the concept of graphical analysis of that relationship as a clinical tool. This book was written when Sheard was physiological opticist at the American Optometrical Company
How Acquired: Donated by Optometry Australia
Date Acquired: Jan 2017
Condition: Fair
Location: Archive office. Pamphlet and ephemera filing cabinet. Drawer 7

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