Catalogue Number: 2275
Light, vision and seeing
Sub-Category: Book of historical note
Author: LUCKIESH Matthew
Year Of Publication/Manufacture: 1944
Edition: 1st Edition
Time Period: 1900 to 1939
Place Of Publication/Manufacture: New York
Publisher/Manufacturer: D Van Nostrand Company
Description Of Item: Original wine cloth, 215 x 145 mm, 323 pages, plus book adverts. 16 black and white photographic plates and 83 black and white diagrams in text. Luckiesh-Moss Visibility Indicator pasted on inside back cover. (Pictured) This shows the effect of contrast on legibility of text and its relation to the illuminance needed.
Historical Significance: Matthew Luckiesh DSc, DE (1883 - 1967) was a physicist and Director of General Electric's Lighting Research Laboratory at its Nela Park National Lamps Works facility in East Cleveland, Ohio, where he pursued research on light and vision. In his day, he was known as the "Father of the Science of Seeing." at least in the world of illuminating engineering. He developed several theories on colour and its physiological effect on people. He was also interested in determining the conditions under which optimal visibility was achieved, and in examining the relationship between light and seeing, in order to design better types of lamps. During World War I he studied camouflage, and later invented artificial sunlight and germicidal lamps. Luckiesh produced eleven U.S. patents, 28 books and about 860 scientific and technical articles, published between 1911 and 1960. Asked how to say his name, he told The Literary Digest "My name is pronounced as if it were spelled loo'kish. The u in the first syllable is the u in rude, and the second syllable rhymes with dish." He devised the MAZDA Flametint Lamp, which was designed to create mood and to resemble the colour of licking flames and the MAZDA Daylight Lamp, that had coiled tungsten filaments and transparent blue glass to produce high colour temperature daylight. In 1940, He and Frank Moss compared 5th and 6th grade students in well-lit classrooms to students in regular (poorly-lit) classrooms, and found significant increases in the scores on the New Stanford Achievement Test were demonstrated by the students in the well-lit classrooms, although the study may be flawed by confounding variables. Luckiesh also developed the 'Visibility Meter' with Frank Moss.
How Acquired: Ex Nathan Library
Date Acquired: Aug 2013
Condition: Very good
Location: Archive room. East wall. Books of historical note