Catalogue Number: 86
Helmholtz's treatise on physiological optics Volume III The perceptions of vision
Sub-Category: Book of historical note
Author: HELMHOLTZ, Hermann von (Translated by JC Southall)
Year Of Publication/Manufacture: 1926
Time Period: 19th C
Place Of Publication/Manufacture: Wisconsin
Publisher/Manufacturer: Optical Society of America
Description Of Item: The volume is in original green cloth, hardcover 270 x 190 mm with 736 pages. followed by 6 plates. It is an English translation of the original 3rd edition in German was published in 1910. It covers perceptions in general, movements of the eyes, the monocular field of vision, the direction of vision, perception of depth including stereopsis, binocular double vision, retinal rivalry and reviews of theories including Panum's and Hering's theories. There are two long appendices by vKries. There is a corrigenda to Volume II and additional corrigenda to volume I and an author and subject index.
Historical Significance: Herman von Helmholtz (1821 - 1894) is a towering figure in vision science. He qualified in medicine at the Berlin Medical Institute in1843 and began researching while on military service as a physician in Potsdam. By 1858 he was Professor of Anatomy & Physiology in Bonn and after professorial appointments in Konigsberg & Heildelberg became Professor of Physics in Berlin in 1871. He is best known for his work on mathematical physics and acoustics but he is also the father of vision science. See cat No 84 and 85 for vols 1 and 2. James P. C. Southall (1871- ?) was a physicist with a special interest in optics. He taught physics at a number of USA universities before joining Columbia University in 1914, where he served until his retirement in 1940. His specialties were geometrical optics and physiological optics. He wrote Principles of Geometrical Optics in 1910 and Mirrors, Prisms and Lenses (1918, rev. eds. 1923, 1934). He is probably best known as editor of the American English language edition of Helmholtz's Physiological Optics published in 3 volumes 1924-25. Cat No 84. 85, 86. He also wrote Introduction to Physiological Optics (1941). He wrote many papers, a number of which appeared in JOSA, on optical illusions and geometrical optics. He served as president of the Optical Society of America in 1921.
How Acquired: Ex Nathan Library
Condition: Poor (spine damage)
Location: Archive room. East wall. Books of historical note